Around Nizhny Novgorod
No less interesting can be the tours to the neighboring cities and areas - Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, the Republic of Tatarstan.
- Vladimir is situated 235 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 3-3.5 hours.
The development of Vladimir began in the middle of the XII century when the son of Yuri Dolgoruky – Andrei Bogolyubsky - decided to proclaim himself the Grand Prince, moved the capital from Kiev to Vladimir and started there a grand construction. In just a few years the city has changed drastically: there was built the fortress on the earthen ramparts, the Golden Gate - the main entrance to the city, Assumption Cathedral, as well as Bogolyubovo - Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky's residence.
Today Vladimir is a regional center with rich cultural heritage, which is a part of Russia's Golden Ring.
The most important monuments, which made Vladimir famous, are white stone constructions of the XII century located on the territory of the great ancient city - Assumption Cathedral, St. Demetrius Cathedral, the Golden Gate. The typical architectural monuments of XIX-early XX century arealso of interest - the Trinity Church, Water Tower, the buildings of the former City Duma and the Art Museum.
- Suzdal is situated 290 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 3,5-4 hours.
- You can travel to Suzdal by public transport with a change in Vladimir.
Suzdal was first mentioned in chronicles in 1024. In the middle of XI century Suzdal became a major trade and craft center, as it was situated on the Kamenka River, which was a trade route in those days.
Today Suzdal is a "museum city": more than 200 monuments of architecture of XII-XIX centuries are located here. Suzdal is a part of Russia’s Golden Ring, and its white stone monuments are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Murom is situated 160 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 3-4 hours.
Murom was first mentioned in "The Tale of Bygone Years" in 862. The city's name comes from Finno-Ugric tribe name - muroma which lived here before. The first Murom Prince was Gleb Vladimirovich.
Murom was one of the trade centers of northeastern Russia. It was famous for such handicrafts as pottery, blacksmithing, carving, metalworking. Trade with the Bulgars, Ryazan, Chernigov flourished. The importance of the city at this time is indicated by the existence of such a well-known epic character as Ilya Muromets.
Today Muromis one of the largest cities in the Vladimir region. Unfortunately, this ancient city was regularly damagedand there areno buildings older than XIX century remained in it.
- Yoshkar-Ola is situated 340 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 5 hours.
The city was founded at the end of 16th century on the banks of the river Kokshaga and before the revolution it was called Tsarevokokshayskom, that is literally "Tsarev on Kokshaga". After the defeat of the Kazan Khanate by the army of Ivan the Terrible in 1552 Mari lands were joined to the Moscow principality. Yoshkar-Ola is translated from the Mari language as the "red city".
Yoshkar-Ola is the city where bright modern architecture almost completely replaced everything that was historically valuable.There remainedonly few pre-revolutionary buildings in the city: some apartment houses of 18-19 centuries, among them Chulkov House (today it houses the Museum of Yoshkar-Ola History), Karelin House and several other buildings.All other historical buildings and churches were destroyed during the Soviet era, some of them are completely rebuilt or replaced by new ones.
- Cheboksary is situated about 240 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 3,5-4 hours.
- The main attractions of the city are located on the shores of the Gulf of Cheboksary.
- Kazan is situated 400 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 6 hours.
Kazan attractions are presented with unique historical monuments of architecture, culture, religion, each of which bears the imprint of Russian and Tatar influences. The main attractions are located in the "Old Kazan" - the business, historical and cultural center of the city.
- Sviyazhsk is situated about 350 km away from Nizhny Novgorod.
- The journey takes 5-6 hours.
The history of Sviyazhsk began in 1551. Sviyazhsk was an outpost of the army of Ivan the Terrible during the capture of Kazan in 1552. After joining Kazan to the Moscow principality Sviyazhsk became the center of Christianity and helped to convert Non-Christians to Orthodoxy. Over time Sviyazhsk gradually turned into a classic county town with quiet streets, colorful houses and small churches.
After the October Revolution, the peaceful and quiet Sviyazhskwas swept by a wave of terror. Shootings began: the Red Army soldiers were gunnedfirst because they could not dislodge White Guards from Kazan, then the monastery abbots, monks and priests were decimated.Instead of monasteries there appeared a colony for children, and later - NKVD prison. In the 30s 6 of 12 temples of the city were destroyed. By the middle of the 20th century Sviyazhsk finally fell into disrepair.
The first steps towards the revival of Sviyazhsk began in the 60s of the last century. The churches of Sviyazhsk were reconstructed, the unique frescoes of the Assumption Cathedral were restored. In 1997 the Assumption Monastery resumed its activity. Sviyazhsk Island was declared a historical and cultural monument.
Among the main attractions of Sviyazhsk are the Assumption Monastery, Ioanno-Predtechensky Monastery, ethnographic complex Stables and the center of Sviyazhskwith merchant mansions.